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Massachusetts Union BEC Scam: Why Robust Email Security and Non-Repudiation are Crucial


In recent years, the rise of Business Email Compromise (BEC) has become a significant threat to organizations worldwide. One of the latest victims is a workers union in Massachusetts, which fell prey to a sophisticated BEC scam. The U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) has stepped in to recover over $5 million siphoned off by cybercriminals.


This case underscores the pressing need for more robust and foolproof email security measures, as traditional methods often fall short.


The Incident

The Massachusetts workers union found itself ensnared in a BEC scheme where attackers, masquerading as trusted partners, manipulated email communications to divert funds into fraudulent accounts.


While it seems safe to assume the organization has security protocols and tools in place, the success of the BEC scheme illustrates that attackers were able to circumvent defenses, highlighting a critical vulnerability in the union's email security framework.


DOJ's Intervention

Recognizing the gravity of the situation, the DOJ swiftly initiated a forfeiture action to recover the stolen funds. This move not only aims to return the money to its rightful owners but also sends a strong message to cybercriminals about the U.S. government's commitment to combating cyber fraud.


Acting United States Attorney Joshua S. Levy emphasized, "BEC fraud schemes present a serious threat to businesses and individuals nationwide, causing significant financial and emotional harm to victims by exploiting trusted communication channels they rely upon every day. Today’s civil forfeiture action demonstrates that when victims report such misconduct to the authorities, there may be steps we can take to recover stolen funds.”


The Growing Threat of BEC

BEC attacks have seen a staggering increase in recent years. According to the FBI's Internet Crime Complaint Center (IC3), BEC schemes accounted for adjusted losses of over $2.9 billion from BEC attacks in 2023 alone.


These attacks typically involve impersonating business executives or trusted partners through seemingly legitimate emails to trick employees into transferring money or divulging sensitive information.


Flaws in Traditional Email Security

Despite advancements in email security, traditional solutions like spam filtering and other email security tools often rely on heuristic analysis and pattern recognition to identify threats. These methods, while helpful, are inherently limited as they attempt to make educated guesses about potential threats.


As evidenced by the Massachusetts case and thousands of similar cases, traditional email security controls can be easily subverted by sophisticated attackers. In fact, a recent study found that a staggering 80% of organizations have email defenses that can be easily bypassed by threat actors.


A Call for Advanced Email Security Measures

The incident with the Massachusetts union underscores the urgent need for more reliable and definitive email security measures. Traditional methods are not sufficient in an era where cyber threats are increasingly sophisticated and targeted.


A more effective approach involves monitoring email traffic out-of-band. By doing so, security systems can operate independently of the primary email flow, making it harder for attackers to detect and circumvent security measures. Email security should also include non-repudiation, ensuring that both the sender's identity is authenticated and the message's integrity is maintained from origin to destination.


The Binary Approach to Email Security

Email security should not be a guessing game. The premise is simple: a message is either legitimate or it is not. This binary approach eliminates the uncertainty that often plagues traditional email security solutions. With GTG Enterprise, organizations can achieve a higher level of assurance in their email communications.


  1. Authentication and Integrity: Verify the sender's identity and ensure the content has not been altered. This ensures that recipients can trust the origin and the integrity of the messages they receive.

  2. Alerting and Analytics: GTG includes intuitive dashboards, reporting, alerting, and analytics to provide a clear and concise view of the current email security posture and events or trends that warrant attention.

  3. Non-Repudiation: Non-repudiation mechanisms ensure that senders cannot deny their involvement in sending a message, adding an additional layer of security and accountability.


Zero Guessing

This story has a more or less happy ending thanks to the efforts by the DOJ to recover most of the stolen funds. However, the Massachusetts workers' union's experience with BEC still stands out as a stark reminder of the limitations of traditional email security measures.


As BEC attacks continue to rise, it is imperative for organizations to adopt email security solutions that can definitively distinguish between legitimate and fraudulent emails. By doing so, they can protect their assets and maintain the trust of their stakeholders in an increasingly perilous digital landscape.


Learn how you can take the guesswork out of your email security: Contact GTG.Online.

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